Content Development

Content is the most essential part of any blog or website. In order to make the content interesting for the readers, the content needs to be exceptional and simultaneously creative. Readability of any content is determined by how the content has been developed. Content development is a chief factor of content writing and more or less content that is reasonable, appropriate and convincing.

The present article on “Content Development” provides some basic tips to keep in mind, and hopefully, even follow them while writing any content for blogs, websites, etc. to come out with an exceptional piece of work.

Tips for Content Development

  • There exist certain features that manage the prospective of good quality content. Basically, it is a three step procedure. The first is to identify the target reader or audience, second is to write the content in a convincing manner, and third is to make use of appropriate keywords in the content.
  • While searching on the internet for a certain topic or a subject matter, we usually come across numerous websites and blogs related to the same topic and material. But what renders a particular webpage separate from others is its content development.
  • While writing content for any webpage or website, it is essential to dedicate a sufficient amount of time and explore into the subject matter to come about with significant content.
  • While writing content, ensure that the content you are writing is directed towards the anticipated reader/audience. In other words, the reader must find the content valuable enough to read it till the last part.
  • In order to improve readability of the content, try to use standard English as far as possible. Avoid using jargons or other difficult words and phrases for enabling the reader to understand the content easily. However, one can always put efforts in making the content appealing and engaging.
  • Spelling mistakes and grammatical errors can be serious negative aspects of any content. So, it is always advantageous to proofread the content before publishing or putting it online.
  • Depending on the topic one is writing the content on, the language can be formal or informal. However, make sure that the language is realistic and persuasive.
  • When a reader is searching some information on the internet, he/she types in specific keywords on a search-engine and is thus presented with links for the related webpages that have those keywords in their content. Therefore, it is always advised to insert some suitable keywords while developing the content. Doing so helps in improving the page rank of the webpage, and thus, develops the content readability.

Apart from all the above mentioned points, the most important point to be taken into account while content development is that the content must communicate a specific message, so that the reader realises the content to be worth reading.

Academic Journals

Academic journals are also known as periodicals. They usually include the research works of a variety of people specialising in diverse areas of academics. Academic journals are not written by every regular author, but only by professionals who are approved to share their opinions, knowledge and researches with a huge community consisting of educationists, professors and students. The reason behind writing in academic journals is to enhance the information in universal and in explicit sense, as well as to share the information with students and other experts belonging to the same field or discipline.

The present article on “Academic Journals” gives detailed information about academic journals and some basic tips as guidance while writing for academic journals.

Types of Academic Journals

Academic journal writing differs on the basis of its subject matter. In a broader sense, academic journals can be characterised under the following types.

  • Art journals
  • Arts and Education
  • Biological Sciences
  • Business Journals
  • Legal Studies
  • Medical Sciences
  • Physical Sciences
  • Research Journals
  • Scholarly Journals
  • Science Journals
  • Social Sciences

Tips for Academic Journals Writing

In order to produce a remarkable piece of content, which is suitable for publishing, it is necessary to follow specific kinds of formats and procedures.

  • Ensure to write significant and relevant points and sentences. Avoid unnecessary and repetitive information. Pay extra attention while selecting words and phrases.
  • Try to maintain a formal tone in your writing. Besides, ensure that the sentences are composed from the viewpoint of a third party.
  • Remember that the readers of your articles are people from your own field or discipline. Thus, it is typical to assume that they already possess basic knowledge about what you will be writing. Consequently, this eliminates the need of explaining the information in much detail.
  • Ensure to format and organise your written matter into various segments so that the article looks well-arranged and easy to comprehend.
  • Although not mandatory, it is always beneficial to go through the process of peer review. By the help of this process, one or more professionals belonging to your specific field will read and analyse your written material and provide suggestions for improvement.
  • After finishing writing the article, ensure to revise and proofread it. Read it again and again to check and eliminate any kind of mistake in spellings, punctuation, grammar, concepts, and/or reasoning.

Writing for academic journals is not that tough if taken proper steps and assistance. As these journals are usually written by professionals, there are fewer chances of errors, but one can never be too sure about this. Hence, it is advised to follow some basic tips and guidelines while writing your articles for academic journals in order to avoid any kind of mistake or error.

Overcome a Writer’s Block

Every writer has a dream of writing such a book that draws the attention and admiration of the right audience. Nonetheless, even the prominent writers cannot give surety about excellence in their writings or literary works. In the world of literature, writer’s block has been identified as the most unpleasant enemy of authors. Writer’s block is nothing but the obstacle that gets in the way of the writers while producing a great piece of work. The present article on “Overcome a Writer’s Block” provides some general knowledge and points that will help you to understand the basic concept of a writer’s block and how to overcome it in the future.

How to overcome a writer’s block

Meaning of writer’s block

  • Although not everyone believes in the concept of a writer’s block, there are some writers who do experience problems while writing at some point or other.
  • This is the point where a writer thinks that there is basically no way for him to start writing. He feels as if he is trapped in the centre of his plot and cannot move ahead.
  • Writer’s block may occur due to the panic and nervousness usually experienced by writers. It is that phase when a writer, even when he wants to write, cannot seem to understand how to start.
  • Even though he knows that he has adequate information, he still remains doubtful whether he has all the facts to sustain it. In such situations, the writer doubts his own abilities to express his opinions in words even though he believes that he can produce an impressive book.
  • Despite all these perplexing thoughts, which are more or less normal for a writer; there are certainly some ways by which a writer’s block can be defeated.

Source of inspiration

  • Do not get distracted by others or what they might say about your book. No one would expect a writer to write a perfect book in an hour or so. Therefore, take your time to come up with some wonderful ideas.
  • For some writers, inspiration is the way to overcome a writer’s block. While for some writers their friends and family, relationships, nature, etc. are the source of inspiration.
  • Inspiration might not be the best method to overcome a writer’s block for all writers. Thus, while writing, you need to have an exceptional approach to overcome your writer’s block.

Change in setting

  • Sometimes, sitting in front of the laptop for a long time may seem boring and dull. Therefore, changing to a new setting or environment might help you in refreshing your mind and thinking better.
  • Every writer should try some different approach or new surroundings from time-to-time so as to enliven his spirits and come up with new ideas for the story.

Revisit the fundamentals

  • Do not waste time on trivial matters. Rather, concentrate on the present problem of the writer’s block and how to overcome it. So that you can continue to work and complete it.
  • If you still feel trapped by your dreary moments even after doing all these different ways; do not worry, as there always is the fundamental writing guide coming up for you.
  • Try to follow the basics of writing. These include, setting your characters, picturing out what happens, and putting events in a proper place. As long as you have these basics on your screen, you can be sure that you are on the correct position to explore the events to compose a narrative.

Escape from the routine

  • In case, the fundamentals do not work for you; you can probably think of some other method. Try to get away from the routine and usual.
  • Try writing the climax and the conclusion of the story first. Next, decide on the most appropriate title according to what you have already written. Then, from the title, you can proceed writing the introduction.
  • One doesn’t always need faultless procedural skills to make a writing work excellent. What it actually needs is an exceptional writing skill, which can convert plain words, characters and places into magnificent ventures in the form of a masterpiece.

Perfect writing doesn’t necessarily follow any standards. Each writer has his unique approach towards writing. No matter how successful a writer is, sometimes he too needs to be guided in some ways so as to minimize or totally remove the panic inside him. By following the above mentioned points, you will not only understand the basic concept of a writer’s block, but also how to overcome it.

Writing Online Articles

Writing online articles is relatively effective and interesting when written in the appropriate manner. Apart from gathering information, writing content, and uploading them online for the whole wide world to read it. It is certainly more effectual to follow some basic rules and techniques in order to produce a remarkable piece of content.

The present article on “Writing Online Articles” provides some basic tips that will help you to improve the quality and effectiveness of your online articles.

Tips for Writing Online Articles

  • The first paragraph of the online article must clarify what the article is about. Who? What? When? Where? And so on. The first paragraph must emphasise the concerned issue or subject. It should also give details about how you are going to deal with it.
  • Ensure that your article is well organised. Prior writing online articles, decide on the points you are going to report on and in which sort.
  • Even though you have a list of more than thirty points written on your notepad. Ensure to select only the most relevant ones. Deviation can cause misunderstanding, thus avoid the ones that can be easily ignored.
  • Ensure to use simple words and sentences. The article should be easy to read and easier to understand. Not everyone who reads your online article is familiar with the terminology used. Thus, try to define and simplify any kind of terms that may seem unfamiliar to the readers.
  • Ensure to employ short paragraphs. Short paragraphs are easier to comprehend. They keep the readers focused as well. Try to limit your paragraphs to around two to five sentences.
  • If necessary, provide some valid examples and/or personal experiences to support your points. Explain how you solved the problems, or use theoretical arguments to build a point.
  • Ensure to highlight your product or service. Show its potencies and benefits. Simultaneously, try to be truthful about it as any kind of wrong or false point can pose a great threat to the service you are promoting.
  • Online articles can be a powerful and valuable resource if used properly. Provide information resources to your target traffic. Give links that endorse your claims. So that the target audience can easily source the information they are seeking.
  • While writing online articles, it is really helpful to get some opinions from others. Try to get your finished, but unpublished, article be proofread by someone dependable. Let them give you their own point of view about the content of your article. Regarding the limitations, and based on their suggestions, you can definitely improve the content of your article before publishing it.
  • Ensure to keep the most relevant matter at the beginning and additional information throughout. Avoid scattering it all over your article. Write in such a way that your target readers get to know straightaway what they are looking at. Or else, they might search for the information elsewhere.
  • Ensure to summarise your article. Show in your summary that you have covered the points you started out to cover in your first paragraph.

Writing online articles is not as tricky as it would seem in the beginning. By following and adhering to the above given tips, you will soon realise that writing online articles can be a reasonably trouble-free process. However, it will just take some initial practice to perfect it.

Tips To Improve Your Manuscript

After spending hours and days on your manuscript, won’t you spend a little more time to make it perfect? But, how would you know the correct way to improve your manuscript, or what amendments to make. Well, it’s not that simple, nor is it that difficult as well. The present post on “Tips To Improve Your Manuscript” provides seven essential tips that will enable you to know whether your manuscript is good or bad, and how to tell the difference. Simply follow these seven basic tips to improve your manuscript’s quality.

Seven Tips to Improve your Manuscript

 Print it out

  • Reading the manuscript on laptop and making amendments on it can be a bit hard and strenuous.
  • Instead, it is easier to detect errors on a printed page.
  • So, take a print out of the manuscript, relax yourself on the sofa, and start making corrections.

 Read it out loud

  • Read your manuscript out loud. This way, you can hear and easily detect any clumsy word, repetitions, extra long sentences and general errors in the text.
  • Try to write in a conversational manner.
  • Avoid being too formal. Thus, read out loud your copy and check what needs to be fixed.

 Spell-check

  • Spelling mistakes are one of the most common errors found in written manuscripts.
  • Check line by line to detect any spelling mistakes, misused words, and missing or incorrect apostrophes.
  • Be careful while checking grammatical errors and often-misused words, such as “they’re”, “their”, or “there”.

 Clarity

  • Carefully check the clarity and accuracy of text in your manuscript.
  • Can any sentence be shortened? Or could any sentence be made more clear?
  • Try to get your message across effectively. Use examples, if needed, to support your claims and clarify your point.
  • Avoid too many passive sentences. Instead, use action verbs wherever possible.

 Check these faults

  • Avoid anything awkward in your text. Because, if you find anything awkward, your reader will find it too. Ensure that your text runs smoothly.
  • Check for any confusing or unclear sentences. Ensure that your text is completely crisp and clear.
  • Provide adequate information for any facts that may seem otherwise unbelievable.
  • Avoid boring and dull sentences. Try to keep your text light and engaging, so that the reader can’t stop reading on.

 Use Track Changes

  • If you are editing or proofreading your manuscript using the MS Word, ensure to the Track Changes option.
  • This option allows you to track your editing and corrections, as well as accept or reject the changes made.
  • You can also use this option for keeping tabs on anyone else who is editing/proofreading your manuscript.

 Readability

  • Try to check the Flesch reading ease score of your manuscript. The finest copywriters try to maintain this around 80% or better. However, this is not always possible as in case of the manuscripts that has many technical terms.
  • Also, try to check the Flesch-Kincaid grade level score of your manuscript. Despite the age or intellect of your readers, try to keep your copy at the sixth grade level. Maintaining your manuscript in this level makes your text easier to read.

Last but not least, be confident. Be sure about what you are writing and why you are writing. Gain enough prior knowledge about the topic. And of course, follow these simple yet effective tips to improve your manuscript’s quality and effectiveness.

Using Articles (a / an / the) in English Grammar

Using articles (a / an / the) in English grammar is quite tricky and puzzling. These articles (a, an or the) are complex words for students to learn. But, do not be troubled anymore if you are having difficulty with them. Simply follow the basic rules and exercise with the following examples.

The present post on ‘Using Articles (a / an / the) in English Grammar’ provides some valuable tips for properly using articles (a / an / the) in English grammar. This article will help you to avoid making future mistakes while using articles (a / an / the) in English grammar in your paper.

Basic Rules for Using Articles (a / an / the) in English Grammar

In the following are discussed the basic rules for correctly using articles (a / an / the) in English grammar.

The article ‘a’

The article ‘a’ is always used with a non-specific noun. It is used for talking about something in general. It is used to refer to something that has no shared knowledge between the speaker and the listener.

E.g.,

  • I brought a cat yesterday.
  • John was playing with a ball.
  • A good plan is the key to a successful business.

The article ‘an’

The article ‘an’ is used before a word that begins with a vowel. It is also used before the words that begin with a vowel sound, like ‘hour’, ‘honour’, etc.

E.g.,

  • I ate an apple.
  • An idea can change your life.
  • An hour of careful studying can bring you great results.

The article ‘the’

The article ‘the’ is used with a specific noun. It is used when the speaker and the listener have already discussed the subject. The article ‘the’ is used when something has a shared knowledge.

E.g.,

  • I brought the cat yesterday.
  • John was playing with the ball.
  • A good plan is the key to start the successful business.

No article

Sometimes, ‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’ will be needed in front of nouns in English grammar. But sometimes, no article will be needed at all before the nouns. When a noun is a thing that cannot be counted, also called as an uncountable noun, it will not use an article (a / an / the) before it.

E.g.,

  • I travel to India every year.
  • I am cooking fish for lunch.
  • Beauty lies in the eye of the beholder.

By following the given tips you can learn the basic technique for using articles (a / an / the) in English grammar while writing your paper. The above mentioned rules will help you to learn and also guide you for properly using articles (a / an / the) in English grammar.

Common Grammar Mistakes

Common grammar mistakes are not only easy to make, but are also easy to be noticed. While applying for employment, dropping a proposal, conversing with a customer, or trading an outlook, the silliest mistakes can destroy the agreement. Making common grammar mistakes not only makes us look unprofessional and careless, but also hampers our impression.

The present article ‘Common Grammar Mistakes’ provides some useful tips for recognising and differentiating between some common words that are usually put into wrong use accidentally. This article will help you to avoid making future common grammar mistakes in your papers.

Tips to Avoid Common Grammar Mistakes

In the following are discussed some common grammar mistakes made by people and how to avoid them in the future.

Your or You’re

‘Your’ is used to refer to someone else’s belongings, property or characteristics, etc. E.g., ‘Congratulations. Your hard work has achieved you great successes’.

‘You’re’ is the short for ‘you are’. It is used to refer to someone in person. E.g., ‘You’re formally invited to the party’ or ‘You’re one the best students of our school’.

Avoid committing common grammar mistakes like ‘Your welcome’, which in the correct form should be ‘You’re welcome’.

Their, There or They’re

‘Their’ is used while referring to something that belongs to someone else. E.g., ‘Their enthusiasm was simply irresistible’ or ‘Their apartment was sold last week’.

‘There’ is used in regard to a location. E.g., ‘I will place the table over there’ or ‘There is the red pen you were searching’.

‘They’re’ is the short for ‘they are’. It used to refer to some people as a whole. E.g., ‘They’re joining our team this summer’ or ‘They’re going on a long vacation’.

Loose or Lose

‘Loose’ is the opposite of ‘tight’. E.g., ‘Kindly repair the loose handle’ or ‘My trousers are fitting loose’.

‘Lose’ is the opposite of ‘win’. E.g., ‘I feel that the Red team will lose this match or ‘Do not lose your hope’.

Its or It’s

‘Its’ is a domineering form of ‘it’. E.g., ‘The dog is wagging its tail’ or ‘The wall is losing its paint’.

‘It’s’ is the short of ‘it is’. E.g., ‘It’s going to rain tonight’ or ‘It’s dangerous to play with a knife’.

Affect or Effect

‘Affect’ is used to refer to some kind of influence. E.g., ‘The new Professor is affecting the students’ enthusiasm in a positive way’ or ‘Cigarette smoking can harmfully affect the smokers’.

‘Effect’ is used to refer to some result or outcome. E.g., ‘The lecture had a remarkable effect on the students’ or ‘The effects of the new invention are extremely valuable’.

Than or Then

‘Than’ is used to refer to something that is being compared. E.g., ‘My doll-house is better than yours’ or ‘John is more intelligent than Jack’.

‘Then’ is used to refer to something that is time-related. E.g., ‘I am looking forward to meeting you then’ or ‘Edit your paper first and then proofread it’.

The above discussed tips offer guidance to avoid making common grammar mistakes while writing a research or academic paper. Do not hurry. Always take out some time to cross-check your paper. Re-read and edit your paper, or ask someone else to proofread it for you. These common grammar mistakes may seem irrelevant at first, but your intellect will be questioned when these errors are noticed. Hence, always be careful and patient to create an error-free paper.

Common MLA Style Mistakes

Students usually make some common MLA style mistakes while writing research or academic papers. However, these errors are not always allowable. Some of these common MLA style mistakes made by the students while writing MLA papers are the main reason behind their unimpressive grades and poor quality of papers.

Writing or formatting papers in MLA style is a very elusive work. This needs a lot of learning and practice. In order to avoid committing common MLA style mistakes in your research or academic paper, the present article shows some valuable instructions on how to avoid these common MLA style mistakes while writing your own paper.

Common MLA Style Mistakes While Writing Papers

Wrong Organisation

MLA referencing style generally has specific writing procedures. These procedures should be followed by the students without any excuse. Employing wrong structure in the MLA paper is frequently regarded as a failure to give notice to details. These errors often annoy the readers. By failing to follow the instructions, students basically reject themselves of a chance to excel. Thus, always check and ensure to structure your paper according to the MLA referencing style guidelines.

Performing the Opposite

MLA writing guidelines generally provide step-by-step instructions on how to do things. Always refer to these guidelines while writing your MLA paper. Make sure that before starting to write your paper, you have clearly understood the MLA style guide. Academic papers written without proper use of the writing regulations will only diminish your grades. Thus, always make sure that you clearly understand and follow the stated academic writing guidelines.

Misunderstand the Instructions

Majority of students, who submit MLA style papers, usually fail to match their teachers’ expectations. The reason behind this failure is a number of mistakes. These mistakes include misunderstanding particular writing guidelines. In order to avoid this mistake, students should carefully read and thoroughly understand each and every instruction. In case they fail to understand any instruction, they should immediately ask for clarifications.

Improper Referencing Style

In-text referencing should not be treated as just a requirement. Adequate attention should always be paid to in-text citations. Along with making mistakes and omissions, many students submit MLA papers that have reference style mistakes. Ensure that all the in-text citations are done in line with the specific formats. Always make proper use of the MLA referencing style guides to avoid making hasty errors.

Inappropriate Reference List

References should not be merely added in the MLA papers for the sake of it. References section should be formatted flawlessly and precisely. Many MLA papers submitted by students have mistakes in the references list. In order to avoid committing such types of mistakes, always refer to the MLA style guides for learning the proper way to format a perfect reference list for your MLA paper.

Poor content

Writing an MLA paper is considered to be difficult as students typically have too many factors to put into contemplation during the writing course. Along with the failure in studying the MLA style guide properly before writing, some students also fail to select an appropriate content. Ensure to express your ideas and notions in an understandable and comprehensive manner. Make sure to analyse the research findings in order to avoid submitting inadequately researched MLA papers.

The above discussed points offer guidance to avoid the most common MLA style mistakes while writing a research or academic paper. Following these guidelines methodically can be a little tricky at first. However, regular practice will ultimately make you more well-known and better acquainted with the basic rules of MLA style.

Formatting Quotations in MLA Style

MLA style of formatting is one of the most commonly used styles for writing and formatting papers. The present article on ‘Formatting Quotations in MLA Style’ presents some effective tips to help you learn the ways and techniques essential for formatting quotations in MLA style.

Some useful tips for formatting quotations in MLA style are discussed below.

Tips for Formatting Quotations in MLA Style

Short Quotations

  • Quotations that are shorter than three or four lines should be placed in double quotation marks (“ ”) and included in the text of the document.
  • Give the parenthetical citation right away after the quotation.
  • Every punctuation mark, except question (?) and exclamation marks (!), should be inserted after the parenthetical citation.
  • Question and exclamation marks, which appear in the original source, should be placed inside the quotation marks.

Long Quotations

  • Quotations that are longer than four lines should be typed in block quotations.
  • These quotations should be indented one inch from the margin, double-spaced, and devoid of any quotation marks.
  • Block quotations are usually initiated by a colon.
  • Insert the parenthetical citation following the final punctuation mark of the quotation.

Poetry Quotes

  • While quoting a single line of verse, ensure to put it in quotation marks and fit it into the text.
  • While quoting two or three lines of verse, ensure to separate each line with a forward slash [/]. Insert the passage in quotation marks and include it in the text.
  • While using slashes for separating lines of quoted verse, ensure to put a space before and after the slash.
  • Add a parenthetical citation to the author and to the line number(s) of the poem.
  • While quoting more than three lines of verse, ensure to type them in block quotations. Indent them one inch from the left margin.
  • Block quotations of poetry must precisely reproduce the line breaks, spacing and punctuation as set up in the original text.
  • Avoid using quotation marks for block quotations unless they appear in the original.
  • The parenthetical citation should appear at the end of the last line of poetry.
  • In case, the parenthetical citation does not fit into the last line of poetry, insert it in the subsequent line, flushing it with the right margin of the essay.

Drama Quotes

  • For quoting the words of a particular character in a prose play, follow the procedure for a standard prose quotation.
  • For quoting the words of a particular character in a verse play, follow the guidelines of MLA-style for quoting poetry.
  • For quoting a dialogue between two or more characters, type the passage into a block quotation.
  • Name of characters should be in capital letters followed by a period and then the text as it appears in the original text.
  • Succeeding lines of the dialogue of the characters should be indented an additional three spaces.
  • When a dialogue changes to another character, start it in a new line, which should be indented one inch from the left margin.

Inserting or Changing Words in Quotations

  • While adding or changing words in a quotation, ensure to indicate this by inserting square brackets around the words, which are not part of the original text.

Excluding Words in Quotations

  • While excluding or omitting words from a quotation, ensure to indicate this by employing ellipsis marks, i.e., three spaced periods.
  • Ellipses should be used every time you leave out some material from a quotation that appears to be a sentence or a series of sentences.

By following the given tips you can learn the basic techniques for formatting quotations in MLA style without any major error or fault. The above mentioned strategies will help you to learn and get familiar with formatting quotations in MLA style in the most proper way.

Writing an MLA Style Outline

Modern Language Association, which is commonly known as MLA, is one of the most widely used styles for writing. MLA-style manual for writing and referencing is regularly used by students studying languages and/or humanities. MLA style guide needs periods, quotation marks and commas in particular places while writing a paper, inserting quotes or organising a bibliography. For writing an MLA style outline, you need to put in references into the manuscript and also write an MLA-structured bibliography.

The present article on ‘Writing an MLA Style Outline’ will guide you in preparing an MLA style outline for your writing. Some useful tips for writing an MLA style outline are discussed below.

Tips for Writing an MLA Style Outline

  • Create a title for your outline. Arrange the title in the middle of the page header.
  • Insert page numbers consecutively at the top right-hand corner.
  • Avoid underlining or typing in bold the title of the outline.
  • Ensure to keep one inch margins on all sides of the manuscript.
  • Introduce quotations in your outline by inserting brackets following the quote. The brackets should include the author’s last name and the page number(s) by which the quote can be found.
  • If a reader wants to know more about any particular quotation, he/she can refer to the bibliography.
  • Ensure to keep a blank space between the author’s last name and the page number. The period should be put after the bracket close.
  • Compose your outline. Cite direct quotes and paraphrases. You only require MLA formatting for quotations, references, paraphrasing and bibliography.
  • Bibliography formatting should be started by entitling the section ‘Bibliography’. After inserting the title, strike ‘Enter’ twice prior to starting your first bibliographic entry.
  • Each new entry should start on the left-hand side. In case, the entry is longer than one line, the second, as well as the succeeding lines in the same entry should be indented with at least five spaces. This is known as the hanging indentation.
  • Insert the author’s last name first and the first name last. Separate the names by a comma in the bibliography. Insert a period after the first name and write the name of the book. Underline it and finish with a period. The book’s name should be followed by the place of publication, a colon, the publisher’s name, a comma and the year of publication. End with a period.
  • In case the book has more than one author, begin the reference with one of the authors’ last names. The author’s last name should come first, followed by a comma and then the first name. Insert a comma to illustrate that more authors are present and merely write the full name of the second author. Conclude the reference with the same formatting style as discussed in the earlier step.
  • In case there are no authors to be cited, begin with the name of the publication or the work itself. Name the organisation or institution, e.g., a university, if it is the chief publisher.
  • Underline the title of the work and insert a period. Write the place of publication followed by a colon, the publisher’s name, followed by a comma, and the year of publication, followed by a period.
  • Ensure that your outline is double-spaced throughout, as this is a part of correct MLA style formatting.
  • Ensure that the bibliography is alphabetised by the authors’ last names. In case there are no authors present, use the name of the work as the reference for alphabetising.

By following the given tips you can learn the basic technique for writing an MLA style outline. The above mentioned strategies will help you to learn and also guide you in writing an MLA style outline for your future use.