TYPES OF RESEARCH

After having chosen your topic to write on, you need to gather information about the topic so as to broaden the scope of your writing and to improve its quality. This process is known as research, which plays a key role in writing, whether it is professional, academic, fiction or non-fiction writing. Research in writing includes reading more around the topic, taking notes, assessing its relevance for your purpose, and finally, integrating it within your text. The role of research in writing is best explained by Mark Twain: “First get your facts; then you can distort them at your leisure.”

Moreover, research can be divided into primary and secondary research, depending on the sources used to gather information. Primary research includes direct observations, preparing questionnaires and interviewing, undertaking fieldworks, and conducting experiments to gather analytical and descriptive information. Whereas, secondary research includes printed and electronically transmitted reading materials to search for historical backgrounds, different points of view on an issue, and theoretical perspectives on the topic.

Proper research before writing not only authenticates your writing but also helps to make your writing unique and interesting to read.

The Revising Process

The process of revising involves a series of steps, basically following the ARRR (adding, rearranging, removing, and replacing) method. In each step, the writer considers a set of questions from general to specific concerns:

  • Is the document complete?
  • Is all necessary information included?
  • Is the question answered adequately that you had set out to answer?
  • Is the hypothesis tested?
  • Have readers understood your main points and their pertinence?
  • Is the overall look of the document attractive and compelling?

After checking of the organisation of the document, ordering the given information and reorganising paragraphs is important. In addition to the logical sequencing of information, a conventional sequencing, depending on the type of document that you are writing is also important. A thorough grammar check is also important at this step. Check all paragraphs for unity and cohesion. Also, check if you have included all relevant information.

Finally, proofread the entire document for word choice, punctuation, spelling grammar and logical flow. Avoid any unnecessary repetition or wordiness for a clear, correct and concise document.

Comprehension – English editing.

With concept, vocabulary, sentence structures being made easy and clear to the students all the students follow the prose passage in detail and the teacher’s questions and students answers make further follow- up procedure still easier. Thus prose is made an experience and easy lesson, an addition in learning.
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Ye – English editing.

The history of the use of ye is complex. In the earliest period of English it was used only as the plural subjective form. In the 13th century it came to be used in the singular, equivalent to thou. In the 15th century, when you had become the dominant subjective form, ye came to be used as an objective singular and plural (equivalent to thee and you).
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Wreak – English editing.

The past participle of wreak is wreaked, as in boll weevils wreaked havoc on the US cotton industry. An alternative expression is wrought havoc, as in over-fishing has wrought havoc in some areas. Wrought is an archaic past tense of work and is not, as is sometimes assumed, a past tense of wreak. There is therefore no justification for the view, sometimes expressed, that wreaked is an incorrect form.
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Whenever – English editing.

In its emphatic use (e.g. whenever shall we arrive?) the one – word form whenever may also be written as two words (whenever shall we arrive?). In its other senses , however, it must be written as one word: you can ask for help whenever you need it; I’ll do it at the weekend or whenever.
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Verbal – English editing.

Some people claim that the true sense of the adjective verbal is ‘of or concerned with words’, whether spoken or written (as in verbal abuse), and that it should not be used to mean ‘spoken rather than written’ (as in a verbal agreement). For this meaning it is said that the adjective oral should be used instead. In practice, however, verbal is well established in this sense and in certain idiomatic phrases (such as a verbal agreement) cannot be simply replaced by oral.
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Unthaw – English editing.

Logically, the verb unthaw should mean ‘freeze’, but in North America it means exactly the same as thaw (as in the warm weather helped unthaw the rail lines); because of the risk of confusion it is not part of standard usage. Unthawed as an adjective always means ‘still frozen’, but it is best avoidable because many contexts may be ambiguous.
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Worthwhile – English editing.

When the adjective worthwhile is used before the noun. (i.e. attributively) it is always written as one word: a worthwhile cause. However, when it stands alone and comes after the verb (i.e. when used predicatively) it may written as either one or two words: we didn’t think it was worthwhile or we didn’t think it was worth while.
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Thence – English editing

Thence and from thence are both used to mean from a place or source previously mentioned, as in they intended to cycle on into France and thence home via Belgium; this is not a commodity which can be transported from thence. Some traditionalists maintain that from in from thence is unnecessary, since the word already contains the idea of from, so that effectively you are saying from from there.
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