At first glance, a journal editor or reviewer sees the title of the research paper. This lets the editors and reviewers frame a view of the scope of the research paper. Writing a good and impressive research title is essential and critical to ascertain that it is found online when searched through databases or bibliographies. Choosing an appropriate research title will aid the readers in deciding whether to read or skip the research paper.
Basic tips for a good research title
- Clear and concise with few words depicting the research content (brief and attractive).
- Eye-catchy for the readers (essential descriptive words).
- Distinct from the other research papers in the same field.
How to frame a research title
- Maintain a word count of 5-15 words (maximum 50 to 100 characters).
- Analyze the content by asking what the research is about, the techniques used, who or what was studied, and the outcomes observed. These questions can be answered with a list of certain keywords. Using those keywords, a proper sentence can be designed.
- Omit all the repetitive or unnecessary words and link the words with proper meaning and content.
- Rephrase the title again to have a finalized version.
- Put off any jargon or abbreviations.
What not to do while writing a research paper’s title
- A period is not necessary for any title.
- Dashes should be avoided, only if to link words, hyphens can be used.
- Chemical formulas (common and generic nomenclature is accepted) and roman numerals should be avoided.
- Taxonomic hierarchy, abbreviations, initialisms, and acronyms should be avoided.
- Numerical exponents, units of measurement, and uncommon words are usually not mentioned.
- Titles like “A study of,” “Results of,” and “An experimental..” which have a conjunction, don’t give proper meaning.
- Italics are used only if writing any species name; hence a title should be written in normal text.
- The scientific names of any species should not be shortened. (e.g., Escherichia coli may not be written as only coli.).
These steps should help a researcher to form a persuasive and essential title within the scope of their research paper. An intriguing title should hint at the subject matter of the research paper and convey the author’s voice.