A study in an ECM-dominated forest examined the decomposition of ECM fungal fruit bodies over 20 weeks under varying levels of atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition. Results showed that N addition initially accelerated mass loss, increasing labile component release. However, N addition hindered mass loss in later stages, leading to greater retention of labile and resistant components. This shift was attributed to changes in microbial abundance and activity, with N enhancing hydrolytic processes initially but later suppressing fungal abundance and peroxidase activity. These findings emphasize the stage-dependent response of ECM fungal fruit body decomposition to N deposition, offering insights into ecological feedback mechanisms.
Researchers examined data from over 35,000 individuals with European and African ancestry, revealing 40 candidate genes associated with coronary artery calcification. Notably, eight of these genes were previously unconnected to calcification, and five were novel for coronary artery disease. Some of these genes also play roles in cholesterol metabolism and inflammation, suggesting potential therapeutic targets […]
Researchers have developed a new way to synthesize spherical nanosilica materials from agricultural wastes such as bagasse and rice husk ashes. This nanosilica material is highly effective at removing methylene blue, a toxic dye, from water. The new method is much simpler and more cost effective than traditional methods for synthesizing nanosilica. It also uses […]
Scientists have crafted novel macrocycles, composed of aromatic rings and amide bonds, that adeptly capture and transport anions. Their rigid structure compels hydrogen bond donors inward, forming a highly electropositive cavity ideal for anion binding. Moreover, these macrocycles can integrate into bio-membranes, facilitating anion transport across cell membranes. This breakthrough holds promise for treating conditions […]