A study by environmental scientists has proposed a solution to the ongoing conflict between Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on the Nile River. Ethiopia is building a nearly $5 billion dam to provide electricity to its population, but Egypt is concerned it will cause water scarcity and impact its economy. The study shows how each country can benefit from the dam through cooperation. As a scenario benefiting one nation will negatively impact the others. The authors used AI to create optimized solutions for the dam’s operation, considering the impact of climate change on Nile basin hydrology. The study has been published in Nature Climate Change and will be used to inform ongoing negotiations involving the African Union, the US government, and the World Bank. However, the challenge is to get the nations to accept and adopt a compromise solution.
This soybean study uncovered 101 Quantitative Trait Nucleotides (QTNs) associated with flowering responses to photo-thermal conditions. Three candidate genes—Glyma.08G302500 (GmHY5), Glyma.08G303900 (GmPIF4c), and Glyma.16G046700 (GmVRN1)—exhibited non-synonymous substitutions. Using a diverse panel of 201 cultivars, a genome-wide association study assessed thermal response (TR) and interactive photo-thermal response (IPT) for soybean flowering time. The study identified SNPs […]
Molybdenene, a two-dimensional material made up solely of molybdenum atoms, has been successfully created by scientists. The material exhibits metallic characteristics and is composed of Dirac electrons, which are particles that behave like massless particles at low energies. The researchers used molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a precursor and induced molybdenene growth under microwave irradiation in […]
A new study from the University of Michigan has found that people who receive periodontal care (also known as gum disease treatment) have better outcomes after a heart attack. The study found that people who had heart attacks and received periodontal maintenance care had the shortest length of stay in the hospital and more follow-up […]