Publishing your research and improving the visibility

Choosing the right journal and publication of your research findings

Publications are the top metric the world will use to measure your success as a researcher. Publishing the research papers in high-impact and peer-reviewed scholarly journals is the ultimate target for most of the researchers.

One of the commonest mistakes that researchers do is the submission of their research paper to a random or unsuitable journal and hence forcing the editors to reject the paper in the technical check stage. Therefore, selecting a suitable journal makes the difference between acceptance and rejection.

There are certain suggestions which can be considered when selecting a right journal for your research article:

  1. Examine the nature of the journal before submitting your valuable paper to them. Check if they are legit or predatory.
  2. The scope of the journal must be considered before submitting the paper to the target journal.
  3. The quality of any journal is assessed on the basis of how many abstracting and indexing services cover that journal.
  4. Impact factor of a journal is used as an indicator of the significance of a journal in its category (field).
  5. Rapid but authentic publication can shorten the peer-review process.

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Increasing the visibility of your research paper

Each year, millions of research articles are getting accepted for publication in the journals and that number is significantly improving. Hence, it is becoming necessary to formulate different methods to make the research articles significant among others. Improving the visibility and audience reach of your article should not be restricted to only the post-publication of the manuscript; rather, it should begin from the time the research paper is drafted.

Pre-publication activities

  • Writing a convincing and effective article
  • Writing a brief and yet comprehensive abstract with use of keywords for indexing purposes
  • Selecting a list of potential keywords (the keywords used must be popular among researchers in your field)
  • Making your research article accessible to all scholarly readers through Open Access publication service which is now provided by almost all reputed publishers, moreover, if the option is not available, you can still post your pre- or post-publication prints to a repository or server such as SHERPA/RoMEO database, Brock Digital Repository, etc
  • Participating in conferences and meetings and discuss about your under review research or the research synopsis
  • Sharing the synopsis of the research (on sites such as ResearchGate)
  • Self engagement in ongoing discussion or starting a new about the relevant ongoing research projects with colleagues or researchers from different labs or universities

Post-publication activities

  • Talking about your recent publication with researchers even if they are not directly related to your field, this includes emailing the copies of your published research paper to researchers.
  • Creating a personal website or blog dedicated for your research and sharing regular updates on it
  • Using platforms such as ResearchGate account to circulate your research paper among specific group of researchers and following their updates as well
  • Finding few social media applications which match you and your purposes, some of the widespread social media platforms are Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn. Create an audience of scholars and researchers and share all of your research papers and upcoming projects. Keep the connections engaged with blogs and research synopses.

Back to Basics in Writing Research Paper

Writing a research paper might be one of the most fulfilling experiences a student can have in school. A research paper contains in-depth independent research analysis, interpretation, and argument. Writing a research paper can be complicated and recursive, so stick to these rules. 

Selection of Topic

It is critical for students to research and writes about a topic they enjoy. You can explore the Internet for ideas for research paper themes. Each paper section needs research questions, methods, analysis, and discussion.

Research & Gather Information

  • Read, assess, and sketch down your ideas.
  • Please make a list of your favorite websites and bookmark them.
  • Complete bibliographical information, primary vs secondary sources, journals, books, other documents on your worksheet.


Form a Thesis

By presenting your main idea, a thesis statement establishes the objective and position of your piece. Form a thesis that answers the research question if you started with one. The thesis statement should be brief, controversial, and well-organized.

Make an outline

A research paper outline describes the main ideas, arguments, and evidence you want to include, arranged into sections with headings. It’s worthwhile to invest some time developing an organized plan because it can significantly speed up the writing process.

Organizing Research Materials

Organize the materials you’ve acquired by your plan. Analyze your research data critically. Check for accuracy and verify that material is factual, up-to-date, and correct using the best available sources. Highlight the opposing viewpoints that support your thesis

Content Formation

  • Address 3 questions in the research paper introduction: what, why, and how. After reading the introduction, the reader should have a good idea of what the paper is about, why it’s worth reading, and how you’ll support your claims.
  • Most authors struggle with organizing the information offered in their papers, which is why an outline is helpful. However, Keep in mind that the system is just a suggestion; you can be as creative as you like with the order in which you present your data and arguments when writing.
  • The research paper’s conclusion aims to help the reader exit the document’s argument by offering closure. Follow the paper’s flow, concentrating on how it all fits together to prove your thesis. To give the work a sense of completion, make sure the reader understands how you handled the problems mentioned in the introduction.


Revision Process

During the editing and proofreading phase, make sure you’ve completed all necessary tasks and that the paper is as well-articulated as possible.

  • Edit your work for content and make sure it meets all of the requirements mentioned on your assignment page.
  • Check for logical flow and order in the paragraphs.
  • Compare and contrast the introduction and thesis statement with the paragraphs.



Research papers are comparable to academic essays, but they are usually longer and more extensive assignments to evaluate your writing and scholarly research abilities. A research paper requires you to demonstrate a solid mastery of your subject, engage with multiple sources, and add something unique to the conversation.

What are the good Research Topics for various Journals?

Finding a decent topic for the Journal to write about can be one of the most difficult aspects of writing a research paper. This article focuses on five different Research Topics, namely Animal Rights,

Art & art history, Computer Science, Business Studies, and English Literature.

Animal Rights

An animal rights research paper is usually created to demonstrate how humans exploit animals and violate their rights.

  • Preventing animals from being used in Laboratories
  • Animals’ right to be treated with respect – Relevance and Significance
  • What methods should be used to test compounds that may be detrimental to human health?
  • Would advancements in disease treatments have been conceivable without the use of animals? 


Art & Art History

Without delving too deeply into symbols and artists’ ideas, it’s good to conduct detailed research and present accurate facts. Various tools are available to learn more about art history and make studies easier.

  • The Evolution of Art Fairs
  • Comparison of Egyptian and Mesoamerican Pyramids
  • What Makes the Most Famous Conceptual Art Works So Special?
  • How Did Pop Art and the Use of Everyday Objects in Art Be Influenced by Cultural Attitudes?


Computer Science

Every day, technology improves and shrinks in size. A smartphone in the pocket can be as powerful as a laptop. Without question, the advancement of computer science is shaping our future. It’s difficult to count the number of technology and computer science research areas. The most crucial of these, though, is easy to identify.

  • How do Artificial Neural Networks work?
  • Computer Vision using Artificial Intelligence
  • What is the link between The IoT and AI?
  • Why are there so many different Programming Languages?


Business Studies

Business research papers are essential for aspiring company executives and entrepreneurs obtaining a business degree. They can assist in better understanding fundamental economic principles, numerous markets, operational logistics, global events, financial management, and their effects on the worldwide economy. In case you are having problems handling your finances and you are going bankrupt, here you can  The Pope Firm in Tennessee for legal help.

  • Diverse countries have different business cultures.
  • The benefits and drawbacks of Outsourcing in Business
  • What exactly is Consumerism Culture?
  • How Small are Businesses important as a foundation for economics?


English Literature

When it comes to English Literature, the topics you can explore in the novels are virtually endless. Starting wide and making it more particular and engaging for your readers is the easiest way to develop a study topic for your next English literature essay.

  • How is literature used as a propaganda tool?
  • Mythology as a form of literature
  • Shakespeare’s writings
  • In literature, irony and sarcasm are common.



The most obvious choice is to focus on a certain literary style. Classifying literature works, looking for common characteristics that signal that the piece belongs to a specific class, and identifying these characteristics can be challenging, especially when some contested results may or may not belong to this style. However, if you are passionate about the subject of your research, it may be gratifying because you may be surprised to find a plethora of books written in your preferred style.

Topics that should be avoided when writing a research paper

Selecting a topic for a research paper might be difficult, but there are some characteristics that can help an author to avoid wrong research topics. A topic should be fascinating to the writer/author and helpful to an audience, however; there are some topics that should definitely be avoided. For example personal information and personal stories, topics with a lack of approachable information, too narrow topics, too broad topics and controversial/political topics, same-sex marriage, religion/race, etc.

Below is a list of topics that one should avoid while picking up the research topic:

  1. Beyond scientific comprehension

Some issues, such as those relating to theology, are beyond the purview of scientific understanding; you may be interested in one of these areas, but there will be no outcome.

  1. Personal data and narratives

Unless you’re famous or have at least one book written about you, you can’t write a research paper based on your own biography or life stories. A research paper necessitates conducting research, which necessitates having certain sources to draw from in order to complete it properly.

  1. Topics about which no information is available

This may seem self-evident, but you can’t create a research report about a topic if you don’t have any data. As a result, you won’t have enough information to produce a good report.

  1. Topics that are too narrow

You don’t want to choose a topic that is difficult, if not impossible, to write about simply because it is too restricted. You can simply write about “volcanoes as a future source of energy,” but writing about “how deep Vesuvius is and why it is thus” will be far more difficult because it is just too precise.

  1. Topics that are too broad

You may feel as like you are drowning with information on your subject, yet you are unable to write anything down. That’s because there’s so much information out there that it’s difficult to tell what’s vital from what’s not. In contrast to writing on the economy in general, the free-enterprise system might be a good topic to choose. The economy is a broad term that encompasses a wide range of data and concepts to write about.

  1. Topics that have been proven in the past

Not every research paper needs to make a ground-breaking discovery. However, picking a topic that is apparent or has previously been established isn’t exactly difficult. Choose a topic that is intriguing and requires multiple sources to support it, rather than one that is based on popular information.

  1. Topics with untrustworthy sources

Strong, dependable sources are used in high-quality research articles. They’re no longer reliable if you can only discover information from one source or if the sources you’re using are extremely biased. Make sure you don’t choose a topic that is based on a single point of view, as this can be readily refuted or debunked.


To summarize, you should keep in mind that you will be given a limited amount of time to create a research paper and will have to do it entirely on your own. You can seek assistance from others, but ultimately, writing the research paper is your responsibility, and you must complete it on your own. So pick a realistic topic and limit it down to a manageable size so you can complete it in the allotted time. Before you choose a topic, consider your interests, but bear in mind that if the issue you’re interested in isn’t practical, it’s probably not a smart choice for your research paper. Choose your topic, but rely on your instructor to help you finalize it because she can assist you based on her experience, which you lack.

Writing the Results Section of a Research Paper

Writing a result section is the most straightforward and apprehends to be the easiest part of writing a manuscript. However, in real situation, it can turn into a nightmare if the authors get confused about the “research question” over which the project was designed. 

  • What is the result section?

It is the supportive evidence of the hypothesis or the ideology stated by the author. It gives a clear, concise, and impartial fact-based interpretation of the aim and objective of the manuscript.

Important points while writing RESULTS

  • Reiteration of the aim and objective of the manuscript

A short paragraph at the beginning of the result stating the focus of the paper is essential to keeps the audience focused.

  • Sub-sectioning of the result section

To effectively organize the results section subsection focusing on various data or aspects of analysis can be designed. The division can be based on the “The core objective or research question asked in the manuscript” OR on the basis of statistical significance quantification methods.

  • Results should be an unbiased representation of the observation

The results depiction should not be influenced by the author’s will. It should be clear, logical, objective, and impartial reporting of the facts. It should answer the research question by the analysis and interpretation of obtained data. The interpretation should be statistically correct or significant.

  • Tables / Figures for deciphering results

Results should contain good quality none pixelate figures to support the research finding. Properly labeled tables that summarize the finding and analysis are crucial parts of the results. The presentation of results should be clear and to the point.

  • Representation of statistical correct data

Results represent the statistical accurate data that is authentic and not obtained by chance. The statistical test should be completed represented and only significant data should be the part of results. The raw data should be provided as supplementary data for a better understanding of the reader.

  • Comparing profiling of the observations with similar articles

To support the hypothesis or research question we can site the reference of the similar findings of other authors in the result section. However, plagiarism is not allowed.

  • Results should be written in past tense with a conclusion of the observation

The results are mentioned in the past tense as the observations are first made and then penned down. The result should end with a concluding paragraph to reinforce the finding in the minds of the author.

How to Publish Research Papers in Highly Indexed Journals?

Most students and researchers struggle to publish their research work in a suitable and highly indexed journal. Lack of knowledge in organizing the paper, selecting a journal, formatting as per guidelines, and revising as per reviewer’s instruction are the reasons for such struggle. Getting published in prestigious, high-impact academic journals is a highly competitive proposition. However, these challenges can be avoided by following the below instructions:

Writing a research paper

Choosing the appropriate topic is the primary step of writing a research paper. A good and relevant topic must be selected with a narrow and interesting focus area, and yet wide enough to find sufficient data. Prepare an outline, note down all the information or ideas that must have come to mind while going through the literature review. Prepare a draft, organize the information collected. A rough draft must be prepared where the ideas are written in an unfinished form. This helps organize ideas and determines the final format of the paper. The draft must be revised as many times as possible to create a final product. The final document thus created is the first draft of the research paper.

Selecting a journal

Verify the scope of the target journal; even a remarkable, novel research work is likely to face rejection if the research topic doesn’t align with the scope of the journal. The quality of any journal is assessed based on the number of abstracting and indexing services. It is recommended to adopt a balanced and realistic approach while choosing the best journal.


A research paper must be formatted so that it complies with the guidelines of a journal or style manual. Prepare your submission according to the specifications set out in the Author Guidelines of your chosen journal. Ensure that the word count falls within this range, not above or below it. The author’s information must be provided with a brief abstract and keywords. Further, the text must be arranged in headings Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussions, and conclusion. Cite the references in the text as per the guidelines and list them after the conclusion. All the other necessary information regarding ethics, conflict of interest, funding, the acknowledgment must be provided on the title page.


Before submitting the research paper the author must have all the mandatory information required for submission. Kindly read the checklist provided on the journal site and prepare the documents accordingly. Once the information is collected, proceed with the registration step and complete the submission carefully.

Cover letter and Abstract

The abstract should be prepared carefully and encompass the aim and scope of the study; the key problem to be addressed and theory; the method used; the data set; key findings; limitations; and implications for theory and practice. A cover letter speaks about the uniqueness of the research work that has been carried out, what makes the findings of the research study of deep significance to the future of the discipline, and why the research methodologies employed to carry out the research are extraordinary and profound.


All the above criteria must be considered if aiming to publish a research paper in a highly indexed journal. High-impact and highly indexed journals accept less than 10% of the research papers submitted to them, hence, proper attention, planning, and careful implementation are required to improve the likelihood of getting their work published.

How to publish your research paper in a journal indexed under SCOPUS database?

Founded in 2004, SCOPUS is one of the largest indexing databases for journals and books in the medical and life sciences field. Over 25,000 journals and 200,000 books are indexed under the SCOPUS database. Publications are the primary metric for success in the research field. Publication in a high-impact and peer-reviewed scholarly journal is the ultimate aim of a researcher to demonstrate his/her credibility. Popular and reputed databases such as SCOPUS indexes the journals by considering several factors; regularity (issue release frequency), type of review process (peer-reviewed or not), and reputation of the journal. Hence, publication in a SCOPUS indexed journal can be challenging. The following section describes a step-by-step process that will help you to publish your research paper in a suitable journal indexed under the SCOPUS database.

Performing search in the SCOPUS database

It is effortless to search for SCOPUS indexed journals under a specific category or with a keyword on the homepage ( One can search for a specific journal just by providing simple details such as –

  • The specific subject of interest,
  • Title or Keyword of the specific journal/publication,
  • Name of the publisher, and
  • ISSN code

However, if one is not sure of these details, he/she can perform a broader search by selecting the specific subject area of the research.

Identifying the target journal

Check for the aim and scope of the journal, examine the nature of the journal, and ensure its peer-review process. Research about the journal performance and understand the review and publication timelines. Confirm whether your target journal is indexed in SCOPUS by performing a search in the database, as mentioned in the above section. Keep ease, quality, reach and impact at the forefront of your mind and look for the appropriate publishing models (Open Access or Subscription-Based).

Preparing the research paper based on journal guidelines

Author guidelines are made available by the author in the author’s information or about the journal section. Follow the guidelines provide while formatting your paper and attach a cover letter (must) and mention the reason if any of the given instruction is not followed. Always limit the number of tables and figures and remove additional information to concise the data. Prepare figures and tables carefully and format exactly as mentioned in the guidelines. The length of the manuscript must be considered while formatting. An ideal length for a manuscript is 25 to 40 pages, double spaced, including essential data only. Write a concise and straight-to-point conclusion. Do not just repeat the abstract; the conclusion should explain the novelty of the research and the future aspects.

Submitting Your Paper

The final step is to submit the final formatted paper to the target journal via the submission portal. A good and complete understanding of the journal’s terms and conditions is required while submitting your paper. One should be aware of where to submit a paper, submission deadlines, submission fee, or open access fee, and any other procedural necessities to follow before submission.

In conclusion, having a research paper published in a Scopus indexed journal is of great importance for researchers. Researchers require carefully preparing and understanding all the requirements for formatting and submission. The requirements for scientific publication in a SCOPUS indexed journal are very high, and every researcher must understand this before submitting their work for review.

ManuscriptEdit helps authors and researchers at every step of their publication journey by offering dynamic and customizable editorial services including Proofreading, Formatting, and Journal Recommendations and Submission.

How to Bounce Back From Manuscript Rejection

Manuscript rejection comes as a setback for aspirants research scholars and marks as a hurdle to accomplish higher education or promotion in their respective fields. This is a more heart-wrenching situation in the case of young researchers who have attached high expectations from their work or heading towards the “1st published work” of their academic career.

However, one should take manuscript rejection as a stepping stone towards success and with an optimistic attitude should bounce back with the clarity of vision in terms of the steps to be accomplished for successful publication.

  • Let’s have a look at few tips to overcome rejection:

Understanding the type of rejection: Have a thorough look at the communication to assimilate the logic behind the rejection. It implies ascertaining whether it was 1st stage rejection from the editor’s table itself or was done in later stages. Rejection at the early stage implicates poor English language usage, lack of clarity with respect to content, failure to implement author guidelines, and reference formatting errors. All these aspects of rejection can be easily solved with some assistance and the manuscript can be resubmitted.

  • Non-alignment with the journal: The article is rejected as they don’t match the aims and focus of the journal. In such a case opting for other journals should be useful. Some journals mention as “insignificant advancement to current knowledge” means that the article is not adding extra information to the existing database. This needs the author’s clear retrospection and improvisation to get the content published.


  • Reviewer comment: It is a piece of advice in order to address the pitfalls or gaps in the understanding of the manuscript. You can write a detailed response or execute the needed experiments ( if any)to supplement the manuscript with the needed insight.

The technicality of the Manuscript: Error in data collection and method writing, copying with other’s work( text or data), improper heading which affects the flow of paper, ambiguity in hypothesis formation or its implementation in text. Revision in gross scale is needed to address the above mentioned and still, the chances of successful acceptance are low.

  • New journal submission: Rejection often brings emotional turmoil. New submission involves the entire set of preparation all again and seems to be very hectic. Therefore, such a situation should be taken in a practical mindset and in the light of the present situation.


  • Language and content editing services: Once the author is clear about the reason for rejection then he should bounce back with full force and try taking the help of service providers to speed up the submission process all over again. It not only helps the author to address the pitfall of the manuscript but also gives a feel-good factor of not being alone in the journey to publish his hard accomplished work. Clear planning at the end of the author combined with the assistance of editing services certainly promises for in-time article publication.


Conclusion: Clarity of vision, the thriving force to publish and the selection of write assistance can go long way to realize the dream of getting his hard accomplished work published.

Writing Sequential Numerical References for a Research Paper

Reference list: Introduction

A formal reference is a published or unpublished source from which information is sought while writing a research paper. A reference list is a list of the information used in the original paper, sorted in the order in which it occurred. It is normally found in the last part of the paper, nevertheless, it can also be found as a footnote or an endnote.

Significance of a Citing your Sources

Referencing is essential for conducting excellent research and for your readers to understand how you conducted your research. Knowing why you need to reference can help you see why it’s critical to know how to reference.

Types of Reference/Citation Styles

A citation style specifies the material that must be included in a citation, as well as the order in which the information is presented, as well as punctuation and another formatting. There are a variety of methods for citing sources from your research. The citation style used can vary depending on the academic discipline.

There are four referencing techniques or conventions that are regularly utilized. The Modern Languages Association, the American Psychological Association, the Harvard, and the Modern Humanities Research Association are the four systems. Further styles used in styling include Oxford, Chicago and Vancouver (numeric).

Numeric style of Reference format

Vancouver is a numbered style. In Vancouver referencing, every data/information is assigned a number that relates to the sequence same as it appears in the text, which is a numeric reference style. The same number is used if the same source is mentioned more than once in the text.

Using references in the manuscript as citations (i.e. in-text citations)

You can enter the number in brackets or as a superscript when adding an in-text citation to your document. Whichever option you use, be sure you maintain consistency throughout your work. e.g. (1) or [1] or 1.

Include the citation number for each piece of work if you want to cite more than one source in a sentence. To connect two integers, use a hyphen. g. There are many studies that have examined the effect of alcohol on cognitive impairment (1,3, 4-7, 9).

Example: These findings were in agreement with the results of previous studies [2,22-24]. It is noteworthy that some researchers have reported that BMI does not correlate with H. pylori incidence [8,23].

Listing references (i.e. reference list at the end of the paper)

It is not necessary to mention the author in the citation in the text while using the Vancouver style, but you must include the author in your reference list at the conclusion. This list appears at the end of the paper, in numerical order same as it appeared in the text.

Example: Pattnaik K, Das K. Property rights, control, and the performance of firms in Indian industry. Journal of Economics 2019;42(1): 109-138.

APA (American Psychological Association) Citation for a Research Paper

Citations: Introduction

Citations are the documentation required in a research paper to get accepted for academic purposes or publications. While writing an article or any academic content, an author must include citations (in-text) whenever they refer to a sentence, paragraph, or quote from another source. It basically acknowledges the fact that the information used in a research paper did not originate with the writer.

Types of Citation

Different types of citations contain a different set of rules on how to cite sources in academic writing. There are certain ways the citations can be arranged in a document: Parenthetical citations, Endnote, Footnote, works cited as Lists, Bibliography, etc.

The most common citation styles are MLA, APA, Chicago, as their syntactic conventions are widely known and easily interpreted by readers.


APA (American Psychological Association)

APA Style of referencing is the most commonly used form citations in academic and research papers related to social and behavioral sciences by students, researchers, and professionals and it is recommended by American Psychological Association, USA. The APA system updates the referencing guidelines in electronic formats in a separate guide called the APA Manual, which the University students and researchers can use in book format or online through the library.

Disciplines using APA Style include Social Communication, Administration, Business, Education, Political Science, and Psychology.

There are two things to be considered when working with the APA citation style: in-text citations and the reference page. An APA in-text citation consists of the author’s last name and the year of publication (also known as the author-date system). APA style recommends using a reference list for references cited in the text of a paper rather than a bibliography. A reference list includes only those references which were actually cited in the text of the paper. The references must be corresponding to each other.

APA formatting guidelines with Examples

APA in-text citation style

The in-text citation uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Mohanty, 2007). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Mohanty, 2007, p. 77). A paragraph number can be used for websites and e-books as they do not have page numbers.

APA Reference List citation style

  1. Journals and Periodicals

Journal articles should appear in alphabetical order in your reference list.


Author Last Name, First Name Initial. (Publication Date in parenthesis). Article Title. Journal Name (Italicized), Volume (Italicized), Issue number, beginning page-end page. DOI or URL


Mohanty, B., & Mohammed, A.B.C. (2001). Title of the Paper. Bioscience Reseapro Journals, 15(112), 123-153. DOI: 10.1433005e24/brjda/21d46

  1. Books


Name of author (last name, first initial). The date of the publication in parentheses. The italicized title of the book. Edition of the book in parentheses. Name of the Publisher. DOI number or URL or ISBN. Place period after each element.


May, K.V.R. C., & Abdul, Z. (Eds.). (2018). Title of the Book. Reseapro Academic Press. ISBN 97afqwf28137666.

  1. Website/Online Source


Name of author (last name, first initial). (The date of the publication in parentheses). Title of article. Website name. Website URL


Keay, Y. (1191, June 22). Article Title or Headline. Reseapro News.

APA Citation for a Research Paper Overview

Hundreds of reference examples and their respective in-text citations are presented in the 7th edition Publication Manual. The Examples of most common research that writers site are available on this page and other additional examples are available in the Publication Manual.

To cite an appropriate and specific source, first select a category (e.g., Journals) and then select the appropriate type of work (e.g., articles) and follow the relevant example provided under each category.

Please note: When work does not fit within another category that is provided, please use the website’s category.