AI offers several critical enhancements in surgery. Firstly, it improves preoperative planning by analyzing medical images and generating 3D models, ensuring precision in surgical strategies. Secondly, AI provides invaluable decision support, assisting in diagnoses, risk evaluations, and treatment recommendations. During surgery, AI-driven technologies like augmented reality, robotics, and real-time monitoring enhance precision. Furthermore, predictive analytics enable proactive management of potential complications by predicting surgical outcomes. Lastly, AI promotes personalized medicine by tailoring procedures to individual patients and supporting ongoing surgical skill improvement through continuous learning. These advancements hold great potential for improving patient outcomes and surgical practices.