Black rot is caused by the bacteria Xanthomonas campestris pv campestris. This bacteria can infect any plant in the Brassica family but tends to be most damaging in broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, and kale.
The rising interest in macroalgae cultivation for food, fuel, and bio-products faces persistent challenges in large-scale, sustainable production. To maximize benefits, fundamental issues must be addressed. A plan suggests transitioning to an environmentally sustainable aquaculture system using non-toxic nanoparticles and genetic enhancement. Challenges persist in economically feasible and sustainable cultivation across regions, requiring innovation in […]
Yeast Glucan Particles (YGPs), emerging drug carriers, exhibit specific uptake by macrophages, aiding targeted imaging and drug delivery to inflammation and tumors. This review outlines YGP application in oral targeted delivery, covering yeast cell structure, preparation, drug encapsulation, and validation of macrophage recognition. Inspiring cases highlight yeast cells’ promising applications. Challenges and future prospects for […]
T-DNA concatenation is the process of linking multiple copies of T-DNA together. It can be used to regulate gene editing by increasing the frequency of targeted mutagenesis, creating gene traps, or creating conditional gene knockouts.