Publication of scientific literature in non-English speaking countries

Introduction:

English, as we all know, is recognised as an international language and is spoken in majority in many countries of the world. It is expected that researchers should be well spoken in English in order to make their work recognisable internationally. Even if the researcher does not speak fluent English, it is expected that s/he should at least have an understanding of the language.

Nowadays, employers prefer young scholars who are fluent in English or at least bear an understanding of the said language. As a result, these young scholars easily publish their work without facing any difficulty even though they belong to non-English speaking countries, whereas the non-English speaking scientists struggle in publishing their work and gaining recognition.

Now two queries arise, which are:

1) How do the articles published in non-English languages get affected?

2) How can non-English-speaking researchers easily apply knowledge and observations from English-language scientific research findings?

The demand for publications in the English language puts various obstacles in the path of the researchers who belong to non-English speaking academic communities. As they target international recognition, they are drawn more toward international journals published in the English language. However, it is also important to make their research work accessible to non-academicians in order to gain the benefits of the same.

Fortunately, thanks to the Open Access movement, we are starting to see some – albeit small – attempts to improve access to research articles in languages other than English. One can easily view an article or take insights from Open Access journals as it doesn’t require any permission to translate and disseminate articles. In addition, Open Access publications encourage writers to submit manuscripts in their native languages as supplemental documents to their English-language manuscripts.

Conclusion:

Researchers from non-English speaking communities will benefit by publishing in multiple languages because they will not only be recognized in the scientific community but also prevent instances of plagiarism and duplicate publications.

How to Use Pronouns Effectively While Writing Research Papers?

Usage of Pronouns in an Article

  • Smooth: For the smooth flow of writing, pronouns are a necessary tool. Any article, book, or academic paper needs pronouns. If pronouns are replaced by nouns everywhere in a piece of writing, its readability would decrease, making it clumsy for the reader. However, the correct usage of pronouns is also required for the proper understanding of a subject.
  • Simple to Read: In academic writing, it is important to use the accurate pronoun with the correct noun in the correct place of the sentence. If the pronouns make an article complicated instead of simple to read, they have not been used effectively.
  • Singular/Plural, Person: When the pronoun that substitutes a noun agrees with the number and person of that noun, the writing becomes more meaningful. Here, the number implies whether the noun is singular or plural, and person implies whether the noun is in the first, second, or third person.
  • Gender-Specific: Gender-specific pronouns bring clarity to the writing. If it is a feminine noun, the pronoun should be ‘she’, and for a masculine noun, it should be ‘he’. If the gender is not specified, both ‘he’ and ‘she’ should be used. In the case of plural nouns, ‘they’ should be used.
  • Exceptions: Terms like ‘everyone’ and ‘everybody’ seem to be plural, but they carry singular pronouns. Singular pronouns are used for terms like ‘anybody’, ‘anyone’, ‘nobody’, ‘each’, and ‘someone’. These pronouns are also needed in academic writing.

 

Which Pronoun Should be Used Where?

  • Personal Pronoun: If the author is writing from the first-person singular or plural point of view, then pronouns like ‘I’, ‘me’, ‘mine’, ‘my’, ‘we’, ‘our’, ‘ours’, and ‘us’ can be used. Academic writing considers these as personal pronouns. They make the author’s point of view and the results of the research immodest and opinionated. These pronouns should be avoided in academic writing as they understate the research findings. Authors must remember that their research and results should the focus, not themselves.
  • First Person Plural Pronoun: Though sometimes ‘I’ can be used in the abstract, introduction, discussion, and conclusion sections, it should be avoided. It is advisable to use ‘we’ instead.
  • Second Person Pronoun: The use of pronouns such as ‘you’, ‘your’, and ‘yours’ is also not appropriate in academic writing. They can be used to give instructions. It is better to use impersonal pronouns instead.
  • Gender-Neutral Pronoun: Publications and study guides demand the writing to be gender-neutral which is why, either ‘s/he’ or ‘they’ is used.
  • Demonstrative Pronoun: While using demonstrative pronouns such as this, that, these, or those, it should be clear who is being referred to.

 

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Is it necessary to self-promote your articles on Academic Social Media?

We know what you all are thinking. Same as you, we came across the term ‘Academic social media’ for the first time.

 So, what is Academic social media?

Academic social media or as it is also known as Academic Social-Networking Sites (ASNS), explains itself in meaning. These are the social networking sites used by an academic community like researchers and scholars worldwide to share academic content such as abstracts and articles or link their published articles. Academic social media are the same as Facebook for scholars, where they interact with each other to build connections and acquire and share information. Some examples of ASNS are Academia.edu, ResearchGate, LinkedIn, and Google Scholar.

Now that we know what Academic social media is, the next question that follows is:

 Should you upload your articles on these academic social media?

The main motive behind uploading your articles on academic social media is to increase the reach of your article. And for that, the first requirement is for the researcher to own the copyright to their article. If the researcher published his articles in a non-open access journal, he gives the journal copyrights and loses the authority to upload his articles somewhere else. So, the researcher should publish his articles in an open-access journal.

Academic social media are commercial sites run by for-profit companies. So, when you decide to upload your papers here, you are still giving the control to a private organization. So to answer the question, ‘No,’ you should not upload your articles to these sites, but that does not mean you shouldn’t self-promote them.

 How am I going to self-promote it?

Self-promoting your article is the most important thing to do as it ensures the reach of your article. But to do so, there has to be a proper way to go through it, and there is. Rather than uploading your whole article to the academic social sites, you can first upload them to an open-access journal or open-access repositories. Open access repositories are non-profit and run by an institution or government. After uploading them to an open-access site, you can add the link of your article to your academic social media profile. This way, you will always have the copyright to your article and still get all the reach and promotion.

Conclusion

This editorial aims to show you the right way to self-promote your article on Academic Social Media without losing the copyright to the journal, along with the definition of academic social media and the risks of uploading your article to these sites.

How Can You Promote Your Article after It Is Published?

Why Should You Promote Your Article?

Promotion is a necessary step after publication as it amplifies the value and impact of your paper. How much your paper is read and cited adds value to your paper by benefiting other researchers in their research. The wider the audience, the more your authority as an author increases. Especially when you are looking for funding, the potentiality of the effect of your paper matters.  It shows how your paper is contributing to the progress in your concerned field of research. Promotion brings esteem and visibility to your author profile.

Different Ways of Promoting Your Article:

Strategize Your Promotion

Before sharing your article for promotion, you must find out your target audience and how you can reach them. You must know who will show interest in your paper. Finding researchers who work in the same field as yours and their channels for promotion can be a smart way of promoting your paper in the right place.

Make Your Paper Accessible

If your paper has open access, it will have a broad readership. Papers that are available for free have more readers and citations than the ones that ask for payment. The scope of your paper becomes high with high visibility.

Ask Your Colleagues to Read It

The easiest way to promote your paper is to share it with your colleagues and people from your field to read. This will add to the number of readers and citations of your paper. You may also get some valuable suggestions from them for the future.

Summerize Your Paper

Write a concise summary of your paper and share it in relevant places like forums or online discussions. It should carry the key points of your paper and be capable of generating interest in the audience. You can also provide the link to the full version of the paper in summary. Send the summary to blogs that address your subject area.

Use Digital Repositories to Share

When you upload your paper to digital repositories, citing your paper becomes easier for researchers as you get a unique identifier. Creating an ORCID ID is another way of getting a unique author ID.

Share on Social Media Platforms

Besides sharing your paper independently on different social media platforms, you can also share it in groups, at conferences, or in societies associated with your field.

Create a Video Abstract

Make a video abstract with a brief introduction or summary of your paper and share it. A video may seem interesting, attracting more people to read your paper in its entirety.

Refer to Your Article

Whenever and wherever possible, refer to your article, especially when presenting a paper or at conferences.

 

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Creating a Video Abstract for your Research

Want to create an impactful abstract that persuades the readers to read your article?  Here’s an interesting solution – Video Abstracts

Introduction

What is a video abstract?

A video abstract is an innovative way to explain your work to the public and researchers outside of your field that adds value proposition. This 3-5 minute video lets you conclude all the accomplishments in your research work in a journal article.

Importance of Video Abstract

Video Abstract uses a method to create a video summary by using a series of fixed pictures or moving images that let the readers get a brief idea about the targeted topic within a short period of time rather than scrolling through a theoretical and lengthy abstract.

Techniques for Observation Video Abstraction

  1. Color-based Techniques: It is used because of its indifference and stability against changes in direction and size.

 

  1. Event-Based Video Abstraction: It combines motion analysis with video skimming to create an event-based method that examines the optical flow to find exciting events and compare them to previous data. Events of interest are usually kept in video abstracts.

 

  1. Motion-Based Technique: It addresses pixel-to-pixel frame differences and optical flow.

 

  1. PowerPoint Presentation: This is the most common and popular technique that delivers insightful images and clean slides which is used for video abstract.

 

  1. Animations: With the help of accessible animation software tools, dynamic or stationary picture graphics can be created which is a cost-effective method.

 

  1. Combination types: This technique can create meaningful abstracts by gathering high activity material and being threshold-independent, but it is a domain-specific approach.

 

Video abstraction suggested for observation

  1. Pre-selection
  2. Attribute abstraction
  3. Colour and appearance
  4. Technical Specifications

 

Guidelines for Video Submission

  1. Incorporation of video picture files as supplementary electronic materials should be done by the author.
  2. After the approval of the manuscript, the author is asked to upload the video pictures to MOMO (Make Our Movies Open) (via website).
  3. This is done by an associate editor who is in charge of video submissions and e-mail management.
  4. At this point, the steps to upload the video are provided.
  5. Once the video is published in the Online First Article, no modifications can be henceforth. Therefore, the writers are advised to upload a new file to MOMO and get a different ID code in case they want to opt for any modifications.
  6. In case of query, kindly contact the head editor.

 

Conclusion

A number of video apps count on video abstraction, such as categorization, reading, and recapture. The various techniques used for a better video abstraction is a key point to keep in mind. Also, the technicalities and specifications mentioned must be employed for an innovative and interesting video abstract for a journal article.

How Social Media Can Act as an Effective Promotional Tool for your Research?

Web-based social media or social networking platforms have redesigned the collective sharing of thoughts by means of online sites, groups, and networks. It is an open access medium for the researchers, authors, and scientists to connect with the world and advance their work. It has now effectively turned into a marketing platform that offers benefits to researchers as well as their intended research group.

According to a great digital marketing agency, Social media platforms can offer a significantly more prominent reach compared to a seminars or conference. The most ideal approach for research promotion on social media is to ensure knowledge upgradation of the target audience regarding the subject area you deal with. Researchers can demonstrate how their research or experiment is being performed. This can include anything like audio and video recordings or updates on how a specific research work is making headway.

In addition to this, a researcher needs to be active on social platforms like Twitter, LinkedIn, ResearchGate, Slideshare, Google+, and so on. Being a dynamic participant in these sites will enable you to promote your research adequately.  As a researcher, you can advance your research by making short recordings that are important for presenting figures or any relevant findings in a live form. A kindred researcher will always get attracted toward any such interactive recordings. There are various software that can assist you in developing a good video. After you have prepared your recording, you can then share it social networking sites that will surely draw millions of eyes towards your research.

Blogging bridges the distinction between the present real world and scholarly community. Researchers can blog about their focused research area topics or talk about the subtle elements of a research after it has been completed and published. Blogging is a controlled approach to grandstand your scientific skills and logical abilities to the academic groups. It is easy to share a tweet about your published article, but a more detailed synopsis of your work can be listed on your blog.

Citation Management Tools can store and manage references to academic works that you have been reading. Some of them likewise have the additional feature of being social networking destinations like Mendeley and CiteULike.

The ideas for marketing or promotion of scientific contents mentioned above are only a couple of the numerous ways you can advance your research on social media platform. If the promotion is strategized and carried forward in a well-planned manner, it will surely gain you accolades from the scholarly community.