Research is a scientific and systematic search for applicable evidence on a specific subject. It comprises crucial problems, framing hypothesis or recommended explanations; assembling, establishing and estimating data; making assumptions and reaching conclusions; and at last, wisely testing the conclusions to regulate whether they fit the formulating assumption.
In developing nations, research is in its incessant stage. Performing scientific study in emerging countries has numerous obstructions comprising deficiency of planning, moral and financial motivations, and lack of time available for research.
Below certain major and the most general challenges that a researcher in the developing country encounters are discussed:
- Nonexistence of Scientific Training
Due to the non-systemic nature of research methodology, numerous researchers, even their supervisors, carry out research without knowing the exact research methods. Before starting the research projects, researchers should be well equipped with all the methodological aspects.
- Financial issues
Funding can be insecure at times. A number of Ph.D. scholars depend on their parents or friends financially, which is tremendously worrying and traumatic to secure new funding. Preferably, the research supervisors should be available to support this. However, to overcome this problem it is advised that scholars should secure themselves financially in case of crisis.
- Lack of communication with the guide
Staying in contact with ideas and development is one of the problems for researchers in developing countries. It is essential for a researcher to have proper guidance on the research project. It is imperative to converse with the supervisor so as to clarify the doubts concerning the research topic and to learn more about your research topic.
- Proper Time management
It is better to perform fewer things in a perfect manner than numerous things full of mistakes. A proper timetable should be prepared and followed strictly by the Ph.D. candidate to avoid half-finished tasks management. This will help the candidates to be more organized and professional in their work field.
Pursuing a doctorate can be highly nerve-wracking. To overcome this stressful life, below are the points that should be followed:
- Seeking positive feedback
- Acknowledging your achievements so far
- Taking stock of your competencies
- Trying out new things
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- Lack of confidence
The absence of confidence is one of the most common problems among scientists in developing countries. Scientists with low self-confidence feel less stirred thus affecting the quality of the work.
- Problems associated with importation
In most developing countries the complications and cost of importing scientific equipment, instruments, and spare parts is a major limiting factor to scientific research.
- Library management
The proper management and functioning of the library are not adequate in numerous Universities in developing countries. To get appropriate books, journals, reports, etc., an ample amount of time and energy is spent.
In summary, scientific research is provided with a very low priority in the case of developing countries.