Researchers gain quantum control of an oscillator

Superconducting circuits rely on an electronic component known as the Josephson junction, allowing them to manipulate quantum information and communicate with photons. Using a stimulated Josephson non-linearity, a team of researchers at Princeton University, Northwestern University, and the University of Chicago directly operated an oscillator. By operating it as an isolated two-level system, the team achieved quantum control of an oscillator by modifying its Hilbert space.  The researchers believe that the new approach for controlling oscillators will allow the production of substantially more energy-efficient electronic components than most of the chips used today.

Reference Link:https://phys.org/news/2019-12-quantum-oscillator-josephson-circuit.html

The future of computing could be Magnetic

Researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have developed an innovative new circuit that allows for precise computing without the need for electricity. The novel design instead relies on magnetic waves- an advance that ignites hope towards practical magnetic-based devices, which have the potential to compute far more efficiently than electronics. The new circuit design offers a path to “spintronic” devices that use little electricity and practically generate no heat. Researchers assume that such interference-based spintronic devices, like quantum computers, could execute highly complex tasks that conventional computers struggle with.

Reference Link:https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/11/191128172218.htm

Protein that can help in the treatment of leukemia

Scientists at UCLA have discovered a protein produced by a gene known as MLLT3 and its connection to the self-renewal of human blood stem cells. The scientists observed that activating the protein causes blood cells to self-renew at least twelvefold in laboratory conditions. The finding which was published in the journal Nature is very much significant as cancers such as leukemia can be effectively treated using blood stem cells, also known as Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), produced outside the human body. Moreover, it could serve as an alternative to existing treatment options for many inherited blood diseases as well as bone marrow transplants.

Reference Link: https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-11-protein-human-blood-stem-cell.html

Neurotransmitter dopamine influences childhood asthma

According to new research published in the journal Immunity, neurons that produce the neurotransmitter dopamine communicate with T cells to intensify allergic inflammation in the lungs of young mice but not older mice. The findings rationalize that children are more susceptible to developing allergic asthma than adults. An estimated 6 million children have allergic asthma, making asthma one of the most common long-term diseases of childhood. By emphasizing the significant role of interactions between the nervous system and the immune system in childhood asthma, the results could lead to new approaches for treating the common chronic disease.

Reference Link: https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-11-evidence-mice-childhood-asthma-neurotransmitter.html

Chloroquine with TB antibiotic may reduce drug resistance

A research conducted by scientists at the Indian Institute of Science and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research found that administering anti-malarial drug Chloroquine with anti-TB drugs can reduce the tolerance of TB bacteria towards it. That, in turn, can help fight drug-resistant TB. In their work, the researchers noted that one of the things that make fighting TB so difficult is that the bacteria are able to increase the acidity in the area where they reside. So the researchers gave patients chloroquine to reduce acidity, along with another drug to sneak in and take out the TB bacteria. The researchers report that their idea worked in both mice and guinea pigs, reducing treatment time to just eight weeks.

Reference Link: https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-11-chloroquine-tuberculosis-bacteria-susceptible-antimalarial.html

How to understand the quality of a journal article?

If you are an author with experience of publishing articles or are fairly new, you have to decide and determine whether or not your article has the top-notch quality or not. In the theoretical framework of your thesis, you support your research work with something called a literature review. In this case, you look at the research that is done on a similar subject as yours, before you have published.

Why is the quality of an article so important?

As you may know, there are hundreds of articles published by journals, the editors at the journal are extremely busy people and they might just spot one little mistake and discard your hard work or ask you to redo some parts of it. Pre determining the quality of work is crucial if you want to save time, money and resources.

Following are some points that will help you get a hold of this:

  1. Where are the articles being published?

It is important to know in which journal the article has been published. There are many journals out there that will promise you exposure to the community and what not but only a few of them have the reputation that you really want. It might be difficult for you get through some of the big names in the publishing business but doing your bid of research can help you identify the next best journal suited to your needs. Also always look out of indexed journals.

  1. What is the date of the article that is published?

As you may already know that more importance is given to the recent and more updated pieces of research papers or articles. This is not to discourage that your work is any less than other or the fact that a new work is superior but that is a common overview of the industry.

  1. Have you come across other opinions on the article?

What are other researchers saying about the particular paper? People who are writing them are they credible? These are some of the important questions you need to ask while you choose an article to do your work on. Opinions or reviews of the article will also save you a lot of time that you could utilize on your own article.

  1. Dig a little deeper

A paper that is published in a reputed journal will definitely have relevant citations to substantiate their study. If the article you followed does not help you the way you wanted it to, you may find your calling with the papers and articles that are cited in the first work you followed.

  1. Let’s score it

Using the above-mentioned parameters, you may now score the paper. You may do it on a piece of paper, use a white board or just remember it—whatever floats your boat. You should always spend more time on understanding the quality of the journal before you apply it to your work. How does this help?  Scoring is just a way to understand the paper you are interested in. the only thing that matters with doing this exercise is to understand if an article is worth your time and energy.

Top 10 tips to write an introduction for your research paper

Writing a polished introduction can be a tricky task. Authors prefer writing this part of the manuscript at the end once they know what the article will contain to ensure that they do not miss anything.

Here are 10 tips that can help you write an introduction that fits your research the best:

For more information please visit: https://www.pubmanu.com/top-10-tips-write-introduction-research-paper/

World’s first AI University at Abu Dhabi offers 100% scholarships

Abu Dhabi has just launched the “world’s first AI university” in the city of in Masdar City known as the Mohammad Bin Zayed University of Artifical Intelligence (MBZUAI). Abu Dhabi is also one of the first nations to appoint a minister for artificial intelligence in 2017.

MBZUAI’s website mentions that “a graduate-level, research-based academic institution that offers specialized degree programs for local and international students in the field of Artificial Intelligence.” Shaikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Abu Dhabi’s crown prince tweeted “Launching of the world’s first graduate-level artificial intelligence university in Abu Dhabi echoes the UAE’s pioneering spirit, and paves the way towards a new era of innovation and technological advancement that benefits the UAE and a world.”

Reference Link: https://www.theweek.in/news/sci-tech/2019/10/16/uae-launches-worlds-first-ai-university-with-100-scholarships.html

Peer reviewers share their concerns in global survey

Based on a survey of 4,700 researchers worldwide, The Grant Review In Focus reported that recognition is how reviewers feel rewarded. A significant number of people who took the survey agreed that they would more likely write a review for a paper if the funders agree to acknowledge their efforts.

According to International Journal of Science called Nature, about “two-thirds of those surveyed were satisfied with the process overall” and 78% believe that peer review is a best way to get research funds. There is still a large portion of people who disagreed with this because they believe peer review of such kind is never fair and unbiased.

Reference Link: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-03105-2

Is true that corporate funded research is often far from truth?

Over the last two decades, government and non-profit funding has witnessed a significant decline while Industry or corporate funded research has seen a global growth. Two-thirds of medical research is now dominated by corporates since they fund it and that does not make things any good for the medical community. However, this practice is growing increasingly common among all prominent industries such as food and beverage, pharmaceutical, etc.

Because of this interference of other industries in the medical community, the research conducted is often not accurate or based on facts. It has been alleged that industries fund for research to pave the results in their favor although the funders has always been denying. This manipulation tamper’s with the trust of the funder’s consumer since they never really get to know the real deal and have to trust what the tampered results have to discuss.

Reference Link: https://theconversation.com/when-big-companies-fund-academic-research-the-truth-often-comes-last-119164