How to Use Pronouns Effectively While Writing Research Papers?

Usage of Pronouns in an Article

  • Smooth: For the smooth flow of writing, pronouns are a necessary tool. Any article, book, or academic paper needs pronouns. If pronouns are replaced by nouns everywhere in a piece of writing, its readability would decrease, making it clumsy for the reader. However, the correct usage of pronouns is also required for the proper understanding of a subject.
  • Simple to Read: In academic writing, it is important to use the accurate pronoun with the correct noun in the correct place of the sentence. If the pronouns make an article complicated instead of simple to read, they have not been used effectively.
  • Singular/Plural, Person: When the pronoun that substitutes a noun agrees with the number and person of that noun, the writing becomes more meaningful. Here, the number implies whether the noun is singular or plural, and person implies whether the noun is in the first, second, or third person.
  • Gender-Specific: Gender-specific pronouns bring clarity to the writing. If it is a feminine noun, the pronoun should be ‘she’, and for a masculine noun, it should be ‘he’. If the gender is not specified, both ‘he’ and ‘she’ should be used. In the case of plural nouns, ‘they’ should be used.
  • Exceptions: Terms like ‘everyone’ and ‘everybody’ seem to be plural, but they carry singular pronouns. Singular pronouns are used for terms like ‘anybody’, ‘anyone’, ‘nobody’, ‘each’, and ‘someone’. These pronouns are also needed in academic writing.

 

Which Pronoun Should be Used Where?

  • Personal Pronoun: If the author is writing from the first-person singular or plural point of view, then pronouns like ‘I’, ‘me’, ‘mine’, ‘my’, ‘we’, ‘our’, ‘ours’, and ‘us’ can be used. Academic writing considers these as personal pronouns. They make the author’s point of view and the results of the research immodest and opinionated. These pronouns should be avoided in academic writing as they understate the research findings. Authors must remember that their research and results should the focus, not themselves.
  • First Person Plural Pronoun: Though sometimes ‘I’ can be used in the abstract, introduction, discussion, and conclusion sections, it should be avoided. It is advisable to use ‘we’ instead.
  • Second Person Pronoun: The use of pronouns such as ‘you’, ‘your’, and ‘yours’ is also not appropriate in academic writing. They can be used to give instructions. It is better to use impersonal pronouns instead.
  • Gender-Neutral Pronoun: Publications and study guides demand the writing to be gender-neutral which is why, either ‘s/he’ or ‘they’ is used.
  • Demonstrative Pronoun: While using demonstrative pronouns such as this, that, these, or those, it should be clear who is being referred to.

 

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Tools to help scientists in writing more effectively and efficiently

Writing tools are new generation software that auto-correct mistakes incurred while penning scientific content so as u write hassle-free with the least focus on the rule of grammars. Improvisation of digital technology in conjugation to scientific writing has led to effective project and time management.

  • PHRASE BANK

This utility app provides a database of numerous phrases that can become a part of project work, thesis, dissertation, and also manuscript. It is developed by The University Language Center of Manchester University.

  • THESAURUS.COM

The synonyms play an important role in effective writing, as it’s an easy replacement of a “not so-so word” with a more catchy and refined one, thereby driving the needed attention of the reader. The need for synonyms is more profound in the case of scientific content as it gives the desired richness to the content and assists the inflow of information in the manuscript. Therasus.com has a wide collection of synonyms and also highlights its relevance in terms of usage in a user-friendly format and thereby helps users to select appropriate “scientifically inclined English “rather than just English literature appropriate words.

  • ZERO TO

It makes references and bibliography instantly in word, Google Docs. Zero to can make a repository of search items with keywords and can retrieve them in an appropriate place in the document while writing. You can also sync your file, document in Zero to and can retrieve it any time.

  • TRELLO

It’s a project management app. Trello has a board, list, and cards which together assist in managing tasks, meeting the timeline, checklist, and reporting among members in the project.

  • GRAMMARLY

It is Google-derived writing assistance in spelling and grammar that can conjugate with any browser window. It underlines the mistakes in red color and suggests the corrections.

  • AUTHOR

It can undertake live chats during writing sessions and provide an opportunity for the authors to edit the contents of the manuscript in real-time. The Manuscript or parts of it in the form of tables, figures all can be in one platform and hence provides an opportunity for collaborative writing. Documents can be submitted from latex and word and can be exported as latex, word, and PDF documents.

  • OTTER

It’s a transcription-based app that helps researchers to record their ideas. It provided recording for the English language.

  • TODOIST

It assists as a schema to manage or organize the project in your browser. It helps in scheduling tasks on daily basis and can keep a track of assignments to be done in the coming 7 days.

  • LINGUEE

It’s an online dictionary and can translate from 20 different languages to English. It’s a needed tool for non-native English users.

  • FEEDLY

This app keeps us updated regarding the latest development in science. It is a platform that provides a collection of all upcoming publications and blogs based on your interest.

  • SLACK

It can be used as a lab confined chatting platform to discuss or share important information among the members. It saves time utilized in writing an email and creates a scientific chat group to exchanges files among the users.

  • Apps for focus retention

Scientific writing demands enormous dedication and a focused approach as we say a bull’s-eye. Apps such as Forest, Focusmate, and cold Turkey provided the desired attention by filtering the distractors.

  • Cold turkey shuts down other background software and transforms the computer into a typewriter. You can decide whether u want to keep distraction at bay for a particular time period or till a certain word count has been achieved.
  • Focus mate is a virtual “social co-working platform” wherein you work aside from your focus mate silently for a predefined time frame, and are really not connected with the person except that u share your webcam or maybe a greeting at the beginning of the session.

 

The scientific content writing App provides the needed assistance in the context of grammar, arrangement of content, project management, sharing of ideas among team members and even helps us to keep updated with the new interventions in the field of science and technology.