Writing the Results Section of a Research Paper

Writing a result section is the most straightforward and apprehends to be the easiest part of writing a manuscript. However, in real situation, it can turn into a nightmare if the authors get confused about the “research question” over which the project was designed. 

  • What is the result section?

It is the supportive evidence of the hypothesis or the ideology stated by the author. It gives a clear, concise, and impartial fact-based interpretation of the aim and objective of the manuscript.

Important points while writing RESULTS

  • Reiteration of the aim and objective of the manuscript

A short paragraph at the beginning of the result stating the focus of the paper is essential to keeps the audience focused.

  • Sub-sectioning of the result section

To effectively organize the results section subsection focusing on various data or aspects of analysis can be designed. The division can be based on the “The core objective or research question asked in the manuscript” OR on the basis of statistical significance quantification methods.

  • Results should be an unbiased representation of the observation

The results depiction should not be influenced by the author’s will. It should be clear, logical, objective, and impartial reporting of the facts. It should answer the research question by the analysis and interpretation of obtained data. The interpretation should be statistically correct or significant.

  • Tables / Figures for deciphering results

Results should contain good quality none pixelate figures to support the research finding. Properly labeled tables that summarize the finding and analysis are crucial parts of the results. The presentation of results should be clear and to the point.

  • Representation of statistical correct data

Results represent the statistical accurate data that is authentic and not obtained by chance. The statistical test should be completed represented and only significant data should be the part of results. The raw data should be provided as supplementary data for a better understanding of the reader.

  • Comparing profiling of the observations with similar articles

To support the hypothesis or research question we can site the reference of the similar findings of other authors in the result section. However, plagiarism is not allowed.

  • Results should be written in past tense with a conclusion of the observation

The results are mentioned in the past tense as the observations are first made and then penned down. The result should end with a concluding paragraph to reinforce the finding in the minds of the author.


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